Famous People Lessons.com
English Lesson Plan on Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi

  Home

 
DOWNLOADS: Word Doc | PDF | MP3 Listening | Online Exercise


 Advertisements

THE READING / TAPESCRIPT

Advertisements

 

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important political and spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study law. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class citizen by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and the role of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work the concept of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tirelessly to set India free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.

249 words

Sources: http://www.wikipedia.org/ and assorted biographies.


 Advertisements

SYNONYM MATCH

Match the words from the article on the left with their synonyms on the right. Are your answers the same as other students’?

Paragraphs 1 and 2
 

 

 

1.

protests

a.

acceptance

2

icon

b.

remembered

3.

commemorated

c.

blocked

4.

compassion

d.

demonstrations

5.

tolerance

e.

symbol

6.

hampered

f.

care


Paragraphs 3 and 4
 

 

 

7.

hardship

g.

dealt with

8.

treated

h.

enthusiastically

9.

resistance

i.

killed

10.

tirelessly

j.

suffering

11

unrest

k

struggle

12

assassinated

l

disorder

PHRASE MATCH

Match the following phrases from the article:

1.

India’s most important political

a.

civil rights movements

2

His non-violent protests led to

b.

for creating unrest

3.

His beliefs and actions have inspired

c.

hardship wherever he went

4.

surrounded

d.

and spiritual leader

5.

hampered by British

e.

resistance

6.

Gandhi faced discrimination and

f.

British taxes and landlords

7.

He was treated as a

g.

by religious traditions

8.

the concept of passive

h.

independence for India

9.

leading protests against

i.

officials

10.

arrested and imprisoned

j.

third-class citizen


LISTENING GAP FILL

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important _____________ spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent _____________ to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have _____________ rights movements across the globe. He _____________ world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. _____________ surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and _____________ all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London _____________. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but was _____________ British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination _____________ wherever he went. He was treated as a ________________ by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and _____________ British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work _____________ passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned ________________ India free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxes _____________, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and _____________ creating unrest. Gandhi's fame ________________ the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.


CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD

Delete the wrong word in each of the pairs in italics.

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important politics / political and spiritual leader. He is honoured / honour in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have inspired civilian / civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide was / as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew / grown up surrounded by / as religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study lawyer / law. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but / however was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardware / hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class citizen by white people. This awakened / woke up in him questions about social justice and the role / roll of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to / by work the concept of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tiredness / tirelessly to set India freedom / free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxis / taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent / dependent republic.


SPELLING

The underlined, jumbled words are from the text. Spell them correctly.

Paragraph 1
 

1.

political and prulsitai leader

2.

His lesebfi and actions

3.

inspired civil risgth movements

4.

the International Day of Non-elceiVno


Paragraph 2
 

5.

religious rdtoinstai

6.

lrtecaeno for all people

7.

He returned to India to practice as a awreyl

8.

he etcdaepc a job in South Africa


Paragraph 3
 

9.

Gandhi faced discrimination and hidrhsap

10.

treated as a third-class ieztnic

11.

social esjtcui

12.

the eopctnc of passive resistance


Paragraph 4
 

13.

Gandhi campaigned lsleetrisy

14.

He started by leading potestsr against British taxes

15.

Gandhi's fame spread all over the tnoina

16.

India became an independent priuclbe


PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER

Number these lines in the correct order.

(    )

 

protests against British taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging

(    )

 

to India to practice as a lawyer but was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

(    )

 

2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

(    )

 

of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

(    )

 

and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study law. He returned

(    )

 

non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all

(    )

 

Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and

( 1 )

 

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important political and spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as

(    )

 

of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work the concept

(    )

 

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class

(    )

 

citizen by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and the role

(    )

 

actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday,

(    )

 

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism,

(    )

 

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tirelessly to set India free from British rule. He started by leading

(    )

 

over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.


SCRAMBLED SENTENCES

With your partner, put the words back into the correct order.

1.

non   violent   lead   independence   -   protests   to

2.

His   inspired   beliefs   civil   and   rights   actions   movements   have

3.

an   of   peace   is   icon   world   He

4.

grew   surrounded   religious   He   up   by   traditions

5.

as   to   a   India   lawyer   to   He   practice   returned

6.

discrimination   faced   Gandhi   went   he   wherever   hardship   and

7.

treated   was   He   people   white   by   citizen   class   -   third   a   as

8.

leading   British   protests   taxes   against

9.

and   arrested   was   He   unrest   creating   for   imprisoned

10.

nation   fame   all   the   Gandhi's   spread   over


MAHATMA GANDHI DISCUSSION

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

1.

What do you know about Mahatma Gandhi?

2.

Would you like to have met Mahatma Gandhi?

3.

What would you like to know about Mahatma Gandhi and why?

4.

___________________________________________________

5.

___________________________________________________

6.

___________________________________________________

7.

___________________________________________________

8.

___________________________________________________

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

1.

What did you learn from this text about Mahatma Gandhi?

2.

What questions would you like to have asked Mahatma Gandhi?

3.

What would his answers have been to those questions?

4.

___________________________________________________

5.

___________________________________________________

6.

___________________________________________________

7.

___________________________________________________

8.

___________________________________________________


MAHATMA GANDHI SURVEY

Write five questions about Mahatma Gandhi in the table. Do this in pairs/groups. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper.

Without your partner, interview other students. Write down their answers.

 

STUDENT 1

_____________

STUDENT 2

_____________

STUDENT 3

_____________

Q.1.

 

 

 

 

Q.2.

 

 

 

 

Q.3.

 

 

 

 

Q.4.

 

 

 

 

Q.5.

 

 

 

 

Return to your original partner(s) and share and talk about what you found out.  Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.


WRITING

Write about Mahatma Gandhi for 10 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other’s work.

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find more information about Mahatma Gandhi. Talk about what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

3. MAHATMA GANDHI POSTER: Make a poster showing the different stages of the life of Mahatma Gandhi. Show your poster to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all find out similar things?

4. MAGAZINE ARTICLE: Write a magazine article about Mahatma Gandhi. Include an imaginary interview with him. Write about what he did every day and what he thought about.

Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

5. LETTER: Write a letter to Mahatma Gandhi. Ask him three questions about his life. Tell him how important he is in today’s world. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your “Mahatma Gandhi expert” partner(s) will try and answer your questions.


ANSWERS

SYNONYM MATCH:

Paragraphs 1 and 2
 

 

 

1.

protests

a.

demonstrations

2

icon

b.

symbol

3.

commemorated

c.

remembered

4.

compassion

d.

care

5.

tolerance

e.

acceptance

6.

hampered

f.

blocked


Paragraphs 3 and 4
 

 

 

7.

hardship

g.

suffering

8.

treated

h.

dealt with

9.

resistance

i.

struggle

10.

tirelessly

j.

enthusiastically

11

unrest

k

disorder

12

assassinated

l

killed

PHRASE MATCH:

1.

India’s most important political

a.

and spiritual leader

2

His non-violent protests led to

b.

independence for India

3.

His beliefs and actions have inspired

c.

civil rights movements

4.

surrounded

d.

by religious traditions

5.

hampered by British

e.

officials

6.

Gandhi faced discrimination and

f.

hardship wherever he went

7.

He was treated as a

g.

third-class citizen

8.

the concept of passive

h.

resistance

9.

leading protests against

i.

British taxes and landlords

10.

arrested and imprisoned

j.

for creating unrest

ALL OTHER EXERCISES:

Look at the text in "THE READING / TAPESCRIPT" section at the top of this page.

Copyright © 2008-2013 by Sean Banville | Privacy Policy | Links